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Communication and language
development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language
environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and
to speak and listen in a range of situations.


Physical development
involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive;
and to develop their co-ordination,control, and movement. Children must
also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make
healthy choices in relation to food.


Personal, social and emotional development
involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others;
to formpositive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills
and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour
in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.


development involves encouraging children to link sounds
and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a
wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to
ignite their interest.
involves providing children with opportunities to develop
and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers,
calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes,
spaces, and measures.
Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world
and their community through opportunities to explore,observe and find out about people,
places, technology and the environment.
Expressive arts and design
involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and
feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role play, and design and technology.


DfE Statutory Guidance for EYFS